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Empress Swan
Original Oil on Canvas, 24" x 30"
Gallery Wrapped on 2 1/2" Depth Stretcher Bar

Cynoches warscewiczii
About the Orchid:
Cycnoches warscewiczii is one of 30 or so species of Cynoches, the Swan Orchids, belonging to a curious group of New World Orchids which
grow in the American Tropics.
 Cynoches produce flowers that are usually of only one sex. While individual plants are capable of producing flowers
of either sex, typically only male or only female flowers are produced on any given inflorescence.  
Cycnoches warscewiczii, the most attractive of the
genus, is commonly misidentified as  
Cycnoches chlorochilon in collections.  The species is found from central Costa Rica to central Panama.  
Powerfully fragrant, this species is pollinated by male
Eulaema cingulata, one of a number of Euglossine bee species commonly called “orchid
bees”.  These bees are attracted to the powerfully resinous fragrances which the males use to attract females of their species.   
Artist Notes:
“Orchids depend on other plants, animals and insects for pollination and survival. They display a delicately balanced interdependence on the
organisms that coexist within their habitats. Most orchids have evolved to attract one single specific pollinator to one specific species of orchid.
These complex interdependencies make orchids extremely susceptible to the effects of global warming, deforestation (whether man-made or
naturally occurring), or even the global spread of pesticides. The loss of an insect or bird pollinator, alone, may spell doom for the orchid that
depends on it for pollination. The dramatic effects of climate change on orchid populations are becoming even more evident as wet habitats dry up
and dry habitats become more uniformly moist. Habitat change and forest destruction aren’t new issues; however, their alarming rate of
acceleration has made adaptation extremely difficult for the orchid, its pollinators and the ecosystems that support them. I consider the orchid to be
an environmental indicator or the “the canary in the mine.

Detail images of
Empress Swan....

....Showing the highly
textured sculptural
groundwork of fossilized
botanical impressions....

....the artist's signature style.
Details of
Empress Swan....

The artist often uses
reoccuring geometric
shapes in her paintings to
imply nature's repetitive
geometries. The square is
one example used here
and in other works.
Patricia Laspino